Performance art is an artwork or art exhibition created through actions executed by the artist or select participants. Traditionally, it is presented to a public in a fine art context and in a multi-disciplinary form that dexterously and innately combines elements of theatre, music, and the visual arts. While it may be spontaneously developed during the performance, it may also be documented, exquisitely choreographed or written.
Also known as artistic action, performance art has developed and gained attention through the years as a genre of its own in which art is presented live. It had an eminent and vital role in the development of 20th century avant-garde art. In fact, the tradition of performance art can be traced back to the Futurists, Dadaists, and Surrealists, who often staged humorous or provocative events to promote their work, champion their ideologies and broadcast their convictions, aspirations and beliefs.
Five essential elements are involved in Performance art, namely: time, space, body, the presence of the artist and their relationship with the audience.